12: Iteration in Python

The Theory:

Make code repeat as many times as you want
Iteration in python: Make code repeat as many times as you want

There are two types of iteration: definite iteration and indefinite iteration.

Both definite and indefinite iteration involve repeating a section of code multiple times.

Definite iteration is when you know exactly how many times your code will repeat (e.g. a for loop)

Indefinite iteration is when you don’t know exactly how many times your code will repeat: it might repeat forever (e.g. a while loop)

Definite iteration

Definite iteration is useful when you want to repeat a section of code a specific number of times, for example, performing the same operation on each item in a list.

In Python, you can use a for loop to iterate (repeat) through a list of values.

The code above uses the variable i to iterate through each value in the range from 0 to 9. This works as a loop. The first time the loop repeats i is set to 0. The next time i is set to 1 and this keeps repeating until i is set to 9.

The code above uses the variable a to iterate through each value in the list of animals. The code that is indented repeats once for each value of animals using a to store the current value.

Definite iteration is often called count-controlled iteration because the number of times the code repeats is controlled by a number.

Indefinite iteration

Indefinite iteration is often called condition-controlled iteration because the number of times the code repeats is controlled by a boolean expression

A boolean expression is a value or combination of values / variables / functions which evaluate to an answer of either True or False

For example:

The example above repeats while the count_down variable stores a value which is greater than 0. The boolean expression is count_down > 0 which is either True or False depending on the value of count_down.

Sometimes it’s useful to repeat until a condition is met. The example below will repeat until the user types in “yes” to the irritating car journey question of “Are we nearly there yet?”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *